New Zealand Curriculum

English

Level 1

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Acquire and begin to use sources of information, processes, and strategies to identify, form, and express ideas

Has an awareness of the connections between oral, written, and visual language
Has an awareness of the connections between oral, written, and visual languagePlay Activities 137Examples

Uses sources of information (meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic information) and prior knowledge to make sense of a range of texts
Uses sources of information (meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic information) and prior knowledge to make sense of a range of textsExamples

Associates sounds with letter clusters as well as with individual letters
Associates sounds with letter clusters as well as with individual lettersPlay Activities 299Examples

Has an awareness of the connections between oral, written, and visual language

Acquire and begin to use sources of information, processes, and strategies to identify, form, and express ideas

Language Features

Recognise and begin to understand how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Recognises a large bank of highfrequency and some topicspecific words
Recognises a large bank of highfrequency and some topicspecific wordsPlay Activities 262Examples

Shows some knowledge of text conventions, such as: capital letters, full stops, and word order; volume and clarity; and simple symbols
Shows some knowledge of text conventions, such as: capital letters, full stops, and word order; volume and clarity; and simple symbolsExamples

Recognises a large bank of highfrequency and some topicspecific words

Recognise and begin to understand how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Recognise and begin to understand text structures

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, and images contribute to text meaning
Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, and images contribute to text meaningPlay Activities 164Examples

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, and images contribute to text meaning

Recognise and begin to understand text structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Language Features

Use language features, showing some recognition of their effects

Spells some highfrequency words correctly and begins to use some common spelling patterns
Spells some highfrequency words correctly and begins to use some common spelling patternsPlay Activities 365Examples

Begins to gain control of text conventions, such as: capital letters and full stops
Begins to gain control of text conventions, such as: capital letters and full stopsExamples

Spells some highfrequency words correctly and begins to use some common spelling patterns

Use language features, showing some recognition of their effects

Structure

Organise texts, using simple structures

Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning in simple texts
Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning in simple textsExamples

Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning in simple texts

Organise texts, using simple structures

Language Features

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 2

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Select and use sources of information, processes, and strategies with some confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Recognises connections between oral, written, and visual language
Recognises connections between oral, written, and visual languagePlay Activities 113Examples

Selects and uses sources of information (meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic information) and prior knowledge with growing confidence to make sense of increasingly varied and complex texts
Selects and uses sources of information (meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic information) and prior knowledge with growing confidence to make sense of increasingly varied and complex textsPlay Activities 159Examples

Uses an increasing knowledge of letter clusters, affixes, roots, and compound words to confirm predictions
Uses an increasing knowledge of letter clusters, affixes, roots, and compound words to confirm predictionsPlay Activities 269Examples

Recognises connections between oral, written, and visual language

Select and use sources of information, processes, and strategies with some confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show some understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Recognises how texts are constructed for different purposes, audiences, and situations
Recognises how texts are constructed for different purposes, audiences, and situationsExamples

Recognises how texts are constructed for different purposes, audiences, and situations

Show some understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Language Features

Show some understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Uses a large and increasing bank of highfrequency, topicspecific, and personalcontent words to make meaning
Uses a large and increasing bank of highfrequency, topicspecific, and personalcontent words to make meaningExamples

Shows an increasing knowledge of the conventions of text
Shows an increasing knowledge of the conventions of textExamples

Uses a large and increasing bank of highfrequency, topicspecific, and personalcontent words to make meaning

Show some understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Show some understanding of text structures

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to text meaning
Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to text meaningExamples

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to text meaning

Show some understanding of text structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Processes and Strategies

Select and use sources of information, processes, and strategies with some confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Shows some understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts
Shows some understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating textsExamples

Creates texts by using meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic sources of information, and processing strategies with growing confidence
Creates texts by using meaning, structure, visual and graphophonic sources of information, and processing strategies with growing confidenceExamples

Shows some understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts

Select and use sources of information, processes, and strategies with some confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Language Features

Use language features appropriately, showing some understanding of their effects

Uses oral, written, and visual language features to create meaning and effect
Uses oral, written, and visual language features to create meaning and effectExamples

Uses a large and increasing bank of highfrequency, topicspecific, and personalcontent words to create meaning
Uses a large and increasing bank of highfrequency, topicspecific, and personalcontent words to create meaningExamples

Spells most highfrequency words correctly and shows growing knowledge of common spelling patterns
Spells most highfrequency words correctly and shows growing knowledge of common spelling patternsPlay Activities 489Examples

Gains increasing control of text conventions, including some grammatical conventions
Gains increasing control of text conventions, including some grammatical conventionsExamples

Uses oral, written, and visual language features to create meaning and effect

Use language features appropriately, showing some understanding of their effects

Structure

Organise texts, using a range of structures

Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning when creating texts
Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning when creating textsPlay Activities 116Examples

Uses knowledge of word and sentence order to communicate meaning when creating texts

Organise texts, using a range of structures

Processes and Strategies

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 3

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies with developing confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual language
Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual languageExamples

Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge with developing confidence to make sense of increasingly varied and complex texts
Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge with developing confidence to make sense of increasingly varied and complex textsPlay Activities 142Examples

Selects and uses a range of processing and comprehension strategies with growing understanding and confidence
Selects and uses a range of processing and comprehension strategies with growing understanding and confidencePlay Activities 213Examples

Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual language

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies with developing confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show a developing understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations
Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situationsExamples

Identifies particular points of view and begins to recognise that texts can position a reader
Identifies particular points of view and begins to recognise that texts can position a readerExamples

Evaluates the reliability and usefulness of texts with increasing confidence
Evaluates the reliability and usefulness of texts with increasing confidenceExamples

Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations

Show a developing understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Ideas

Show a developing understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Uses their personal experience and world and literacy knowledge confidently to make meaning from texts
Uses their personal experience and world and literacy knowledge confidently to make meaning from textsExamples

Uses their personal experience and world and literacy knowledge confidently to make meaning from texts

Show a developing understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Language Features

Show a developing understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Identifies oral, written, and visual language features used in texts and recognises their effects
Identifies oral, written, and visual language features used in texts and recognises their effectsExamples

Shows an increasing knowledge of how a range of text conventions can be used appropriately
Shows an increasing knowledge of how a range of text conventions can be used appropriatelyPlay Activities 106Examples

Identifies oral, written, and visual language features used in texts and recognises their effects

Show a developing understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Show a developing understanding of text structures

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to and affect text meaning
Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to and affect text meaningExamples

Identifies a range of text forms and recognises some of their characteristics and conventions
Identifies a range of text forms and recognises some of their characteristics and conventionsExamples

Understands that the order and organisation of words, sentences, paragraphs, and images contribute to and affect text meaning

Show a developing understanding of text structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies with developing confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Uses a developing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts
Uses a developing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating textsExamples

Uses a developing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies with developing confidence to identify, form, and express ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show a developing understanding of how to shape texts for different purposes and audiences

Constructs texts that show a growing awareness of purpose and audience through careful choice of content, language, and text form
Constructs texts that show a growing awareness of purpose and audience through careful choice of content, language, and text formExamples

Constructs texts that show a growing awareness of purpose and audience through careful choice of content, language, and text form

Show a developing understanding of how to shape texts for different purposes and audiences

Language Features

Use language features appropriately, showing a developing understanding of their effects

Demonstrates good understanding of all basic spelling patterns and sounds in written English
Demonstrates good understanding of all basic spelling patterns and sounds in written EnglishPlay Activities 494Examples

Uses an increasing range of strategies to selfmonitor and selfcorrect spelling
Uses an increasing range of strategies to selfmonitor and selfcorrect spellingExamples

Uses a range of text conventions, including most grammatical conventions, appropriately and with increasing accuracy
Uses a range of text conventions, including most grammatical conventions, appropriately and with increasing accuracyPlay Activities 150Examples

Demonstrates good understanding of all basic spelling patterns and sounds in written English

Use language features appropriately, showing a developing understanding of their effects

Structure

Organise texts, using a range of appropriate structures

Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengths
Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengthsPlay Activities 144Examples

Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengths

Organise texts, using a range of appropriate structures

Processes and Strategies

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 4

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies confidently to identify, form, and express ideas

Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual language
Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual languageExamples

Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge confi dently to make sense of increasingly varied and complex texts
Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge confi dently to make sense of increasingly varied and complex textsExamples

Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with increasing understanding and confidence
Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with increasing understanding and confidenceExamples

Recognises and understands the connections between oral, written, and visual language

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies confidently to identify, form, and express ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show an increasing understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations
Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situationsExamples

Recognises and understands how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations

Show an increasing understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Language Features

Show an increasing understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Identifies oral, written, and visual features used and recognises and describes their effects
Identifies oral, written, and visual features used and recognises and describes their effectsExamples

Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaning
Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaningExamples

Shows an increasing knowledge of how a range of text conventions can be used appropriately and effectively
Shows an increasing knowledge of how a range of text conventions can be used appropriately and effectivelyExamples

Identifies oral, written, and visual features used and recognises and describes their effects

Show an increasing understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Show an increasing understanding of text structures

Identifies an increasing range of text forms and recognises and describes their characteristics and conventions
Identifies an increasing range of text forms and recognises and describes their characteristics and conventionsExamples

Identifies an increasing range of text forms and recognises and describes their characteristics and conventions

Show an increasing understanding of text structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Purposes and Audience

Show an increasing understanding of how to shape texts for different purposes and audiences

Constructs texts that show an awareness of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form
Constructs texts that show an awareness of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text formExamples

Constructs texts that show an awareness of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form

Show an increasing understanding of how to shape texts for different purposes and audiences

Language Features

Use a range of language features appropriately, showing an increasing understanding of their effects

Uses a range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaning
Uses a range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaningExamples

Demonstrates a good understanding of spelling patterns in written English, with few intrusive errors
Demonstrates a good understanding of spelling patterns in written English, with few intrusive errorsPlay Activities 169Examples

Uses a range of text conventions, including grammatical conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with increasing accuracy
Uses a range of text conventions, including grammatical conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with increasing accuracyPlay Activities 143Examples

Uses a range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaning

Use a range of language features appropriately, showing an increasing understanding of their effects

Structure

Organise texts, using a range of appropriate structures

Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengths for effect
Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengths for effectPlay Activities 119Examples

Uses a variety of sentence structures, beginnings, and lengths for effect

Organise texts, using a range of appropriate structures

Purposes and Audience

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 5

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual language
Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual languageExamples

Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with confidence
Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with confidenceExamples

Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual language

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show an understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations
Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situationsExamples

Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations

Show an understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Ideas

Show an understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Makes meaning by understanding increasingly comprehensive ideas in texts and the links between them
Makes meaning by understanding increasingly comprehensive ideas in texts and the links between themExamples

Makes meaning by understanding increasingly comprehensive ideas in texts and the links between them

Show an understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Language Features

Show an understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Identifies oral, written, and visual language features and understands their effects
Identifies oral, written, and visual language features and understands their effectsExamples

Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaning
Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaningExamples

Understands how a range of text conventions work together to create meaning and effect
Understands how a range of text conventions work together to create meaning and effectExamples

Identifies oral, written, and visual language features and understands their effects

Show an understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Show an understanding of a range of structures

Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaning
Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaningExamples

Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaning

Show an understanding of a range of structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Uses an increasing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts
Uses an increasing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating textsExamples

Is reflective about the production of own texts: monitors and selfevaluates progress, articulating learning with confidence
Is reflective about the production of own texts: monitors and selfevaluates progress, articulating learning with confidenceExamples

Uses an increasing understanding of the connections between oral, written, and visual language when creating texts

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show an understanding of how to shape texts for different audiences and purposes

Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form
Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text formExamples

Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form

Show an understanding of how to shape texts for different audiences and purposes

Language Features

Select and use a range of language features appropriately, showing an understanding of their effects

Uses an increasing range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaning
Uses an increasing range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaningExamples

Uses a wide range of text conventions, including grammatical and spelling conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with increasing accuracy
Uses a wide range of text conventions, including grammatical and spelling conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with increasing accuracyPlay Activities 157Examples

Uses an increasing range of vocabulary to communicate precise meaning

Select and use a range of language features appropriately, showing an understanding of their effects

Processes and Strategies

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 6

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Processes and Strategies

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual language
Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual languageExamples

Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge purposefully and confidently to make sense of increasingly varied and complex texts
Integrates sources of information and prior knowledge purposefully and confidently to make sense of increasingly varied and complex textsExamples

Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with confidence
Selects and uses appropriate processing and comprehension strategies with confidenceExamples

Recognises, understands, and considers the connections between oral, written, and visual language

Integrate sources of information, processes, and strategies purposefully and confidently to identify, form, and express increasingly sophisticated ideas

Purposes and Audience

Show a developed understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations
Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situationsExamples

Recognises, understands, and considers how texts are constructed for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations

Show a developed understanding of how texts are shaped for different purposes and audiences

Ideas

Show a developed understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Makes meaning by understanding comprehensive ideas
Makes meaning by understanding comprehensive ideasExamples

Makes meaning by understanding comprehensive ideas

Show a developed understanding of ideas within, across, and beyond texts

Language Features

Show a developed understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaning
Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaningExamples

Uses an increasing vocabulary to make meaning

Show a developed understanding of how language features are used for effect within and across texts

Structure

Show a developed understanding of a range of structures

Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaning
Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaningExamples

Identifies and understands the characteristics and conventions of a range of text forms and considers how they contribute to and affect text meaning

Show a developed understanding of a range of structures

Processes and Strategies

Speaking, Writing, and Presenting

Purposes and Audience

Show a developed understanding of how to shape texts for different audiences and purposes

Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form
Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text formExamples

Constructs a range of texts that demonstrate an understanding of purpose and audience through deliberate choice of content, language, and text form

Show a developed understanding of how to shape texts for different audiences and purposes

Language Features

Select and use a range of language features appropriately for a variety of effects

Uses an increasing vocabulary to communicate precise meaning
Uses an increasing vocabulary to communicate precise meaningExamples

Uses a wide range of text conventions, including grammatical and spelling conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with accuracy
Uses a wide range of text conventions, including grammatical and spelling conventions, appropriately, effectively, and with accuracyPlay Activities 145Examples

Uses an increasing vocabulary to communicate precise meaning

Select and use a range of language features appropriately for a variety of effects

Purposes and Audience

Listening, Reading, and Viewing

Level 1

Mathematics and Statistics

Level 1

Number and Algebra

Number Strategies

Use a range of counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies with whole numbers and fractions
Use a range of counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies with whole numbers and fractionsPlay Activities 142Examples

Use a range of counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies with whole numbers and fractions

Number Knowledge

Know the forward and backwards counting sequences of whole numbers to 100
Know the forward and backwards counting sequences of whole numbers to 100Play Activities 194Examples

Know groupings with five, within ten, and with ten
Know groupings with five, within ten, and with tenPlay Activities 237Examples

Know the forward and backwards counting sequences of whole numbers to 100

Equations and Expressions

Communicate and explain counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies, using words, numbers, and pictures
Communicate and explain counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies, using words, numbers, and picturesExamples

Communicate and explain counting, grouping, and equalsharing strategies, using words, numbers, and pictures

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise that the next counting number gives the result of adding one object to a set and that counting the number of objects in a set tells how many
Generalise that the next counting number gives the result of adding one object to a set and that counting the number of objects in a set tells how manyExamples

Create and continue sequential patterns
Create and continue sequential patternsPlay Activities 117Examples

Generalise that the next counting number gives the result of adding one object to a set and that counting the number of objects in a set tells how many

Number Strategies

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Order and compare objects or events by length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and time by direct comparison and/or counting whole numbers of units
Order and compare objects or events by length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and time by direct comparison and/or counting whole numbers of unitsExamples

Order and compare objects or events by length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and time by direct comparison and/or counting whole numbers of units

Shape

Sort objects by their appearance
Sort objects by their appearanceExamples

Sort objects by their appearance

Position and Orientation

Give and follow instructions for movement that involve distances, directions, and half or quarter turns
Give and follow instructions for movement that involve distances, directions, and half or quarter turnsExamples

Describe their position relative to a person or object
Describe their position relative to a person or objectExamples

Give and follow instructions for movement that involve distances, directions, and half or quarter turns

Transformation

Communicate and record the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapes
Communicate and record the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapesExamples

Communicate and record the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapes

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and counting, and displaying category data; discussing the results
Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and counting, and displaying category data; discussing the resultsExamples

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and counting, and displaying category data; discussing the results

Statistical Investigation

Number and Algebra

Level 2

Number and Algebra

Number Strategies

Use simple additive strategies with whole numbers and fractions
Use simple additive strategies with whole numbers and fractionsPlay Activities 649Examples

Use simple additive strategies with whole numbers and fractions

Number Knowledge

Know forward and backward counting sequences with whole numbers to at least 1000
Know forward and backward counting sequences with whole numbers to at least 1000Play Activities 179Examples

Know the basic addition and subtraction facts
Know the basic addition and subtraction factsPlay Activities 345Examples

Know how many ones, tens, and hundreds are in whole numbers to at least 1000
Know how many ones, tens, and hundreds are in whole numbers to at least 1000Play Activities 154Examples

Know simple fractions in everyday use
Know simple fractions in everyday useExamples

Know forward and backward counting sequences with whole numbers to at least 1000

Equations and Expressions

Communicate and interpret simple additive strategies, using words, diagrams (pictures), and symbols
Communicate and interpret simple additive strategies, using words, diagrams (pictures), and symbolsPlay Activities 206Examples

Communicate and interpret simple additive strategies, using words, diagrams (pictures), and symbols

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise that whole numbers can be partitioned in many ways
Generalise that whole numbers can be partitioned in many waysPlay Activities 174Examples

Find rules for the next member in a sequential pattern
Find rules for the next member in a sequential patternExamples

Generalise that whole numbers can be partitioned in many ways

Number Strategies

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Create and use appropriate units and devices to measure length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and time
Create and use appropriate units and devices to measure length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and timeExamples

Partition and/or combine like measures and communicate them, using numbers and units
Partition and/or combine like measures and communicate them, using numbers and unitsExamples

Create and use appropriate units and devices to measure length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), turn (angle), temperature, and time

Shape

Sort objects by their spatial features, with justification
Sort objects by their spatial features, with justificationPlay Activities 115Examples

Identify and describe the plane shapes found in objects
Identify and describe the plane shapes found in objectsExamples

Sort objects by their spatial features, with justification

Position and Orientation

Create and use simple maps to show position and direction
Create and use simple maps to show position and directionExamples

Describe different views and pathways from locations on a map
Describe different views and pathways from locations on a mapExamples

Create and use simple maps to show position and direction

Transformation

Predict and communicate the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapes
Predict and communicate the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapesExamples

Predict and communicate the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapes

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and displaying category and wholenumber data; communicating findings based on the data
Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and displaying category and wholenumber data; communicating findings based on the dataExamples

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: posing and answering questions; gathering, sorting and displaying category and wholenumber data; communicating findings based on the data

Probability

Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance, recognising equal and different likelihoods and acknowledging uncertainty
Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance, recognising equal and different likelihoods and acknowledging uncertaintyExamples

Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance, recognising equal and different likelihoods and acknowledging uncertainty

Statistical Investigation

Number and Algebra

Level 3

Number and Algebra

Number Strategies

Use a range of additive and simple multiplicative strategies with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and percentages
Use a range of additive and simple multiplicative strategies with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and percentagesPlay Activities 733Examples

Use a range of additive and simple multiplicative strategies with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and percentages

Number Knowledge

Know basic multiplication and division facts
Know basic multiplication and division factsPlay Activities 325Examples

Know counting sequences for whole numbers
Know counting sequences for whole numbersPlay Activities 108Examples

Know how many tenths, tens, hundreds, and thousands are in whole numbers
Know how many tenths, tens, hundreds, and thousands are in whole numbersPlay Activities 204Examples

Know fractions and percentages in everyday use
Know fractions and percentages in everyday usePlay Activities 181Examples

Know basic multiplication and division facts

Equations and Expressions

Record and interpret additive and simple multiplicative strategies, using, words, diagrams, and symbols, with an understanding of equality
Record and interpret additive and simple multiplicative strategies, using, words, diagrams, and symbols, with an understanding of equalityPlay Activities 314Examples

Record and interpret additive and simple multiplicative strategies, using, words, diagrams, and symbols, with an understanding of equality

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise the properties of addition and subtraction with whole numbers
Generalise the properties of addition and subtraction with whole numbersExamples

Connect members of sequential patterns with their ordinal position and use tables, graphs, and diagrams to find relationships between successive elements of number and spatial patterns
Connect members of sequential patterns with their ordinal position and use tables, graphs, and diagrams to find relationships between successive elements of number and spatial patternsExamples

Generalise the properties of addition and subtraction with whole numbers

Number Strategies

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Use linear scales and whole numbers of metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), angle, temperature, and time
Use linear scales and whole numbers of metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), angle, temperature, and timePlay Activities 150Examples

Find areas of rectangles and volumes of cuboids by applying multiplication
Find areas of rectangles and volumes of cuboids by applying multiplicationExamples

Use linear scales and whole numbers of metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), angle, temperature, and time

Shape

Classify plane shapes and prisms by their spatial features
Classify plane shapes and prisms by their spatial featuresPlay Activities 106Examples

Classify plane shapes and prisms by their spatial features

Position and Orientation

Use a coordinate system or the language of direction and distance to specify locations and describe paths
Use a coordinate system or the language of direction and distance to specify locations and describe pathsExamples

Use a coordinate system or the language of direction and distance to specify locations and describe paths

Transformation

Describe the transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement) that have mapped one object onto another
Describe the transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement) that have mapped one object onto anotherExamples

Describe the transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement) that have mapped one object onto another

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category and wholenumber data and simple timeseries data to answer questions; identifying patterns and trends in context, within and between data
Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category and wholenumber data and simple timeseries data to answer questions; identifying patterns and trends in context, within and between dataExamples

Conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category and wholenumber data and simple timeseries data to answer questions; identifying patterns and trends in context, within and between data

Statistical Literacy

Evaluate the effectiveness of different displays in representing the findings of a statistical investigation or probability activity undertaken by others
Evaluate the effectiveness of different displays in representing the findings of a statistical investigation or probability activity undertaken by othersExamples

Evaluate the effectiveness of different displays in representing the findings of a statistical investigation or probability activity undertaken by others

Probability

Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental results with expectations from models of all the outcomes, acknowledging that samples vary
Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental results with expectations from models of all the outcomes, acknowledging that samples varyExamples

Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental results with expectations from models of all the outcomes, acknowledging that samples vary

Statistical Investigation

Number and Algebra

Level 4

Numbers and Algebra

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Use a range of multiplicative strategies when operating on whole numbers
Use a range of multiplicative strategies when operating on whole numbersPlay Activities 531Examples

Understand addition and subtraction of fractions, decimals, and integers
Understand addition and subtraction of fractions, decimals, and integersPlay Activities 651Examples

Find fractions, decimals, and percentages of amounts expressed as whole numbers, simple fractions, and decimals
Find fractions, decimals, and percentages of amounts expressed as whole numbers, simple fractions, and decimalsPlay Activities 121Examples

Apply simple linear proportions, including ordering fractions
Apply simple linear proportions, including ordering fractionsPlay Activities 377Examples

Know the equivalent decimal and percentage forms for everyday fractions
Know the equivalent decimal and percentage forms for everyday fractionsExamples

Know the relative size and place value structure of positive and negative integers and decimals to three places
Know the relative size and place value structure of positive and negative integers and decimals to three placesPlay Activities 102Examples

Use a range of multiplicative strategies when operating on whole numbers

Equations and Expressions

Form and solve simple linear equations
Form and solve simple linear equationsExamples

Form and solve simple linear equations

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise properties of multiplication and division with whole numbers
Generalise properties of multiplication and division with whole numbersExamples

Use graphs, tables, and rules to describe linear relationships found in number and spatial patterns
Use graphs, tables, and rules to describe linear relationships found in number and spatial patternsExamples

Generalise properties of multiplication and division with whole numbers

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Use appropriate scales, devices, and metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time
Use appropriate scales, devices, and metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and timePlay Activities 109Examples

Convert between metric units, using whole numbers and commonly used decimals
Convert between metric units, using whole numbers and commonly used decimalsPlay Activities 199Examples

Use side or edge lengths to find the perimeters and areas of rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles and the volumes of cuboids
Use side or edge lengths to find the perimeters and areas of rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles and the volumes of cuboidsExamples

Interpret and use scales, timetables, and charts
Interpret and use scales, timetables, and chartsExamples

Use appropriate scales, devices, and metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time

Shape

Identify classes of two and threedimensional shapes by their geometric properties
Identify classes of two and threedimensional shapes by their geometric propertiesExamples

Relate threedimensional models to twodimensional representations, and vice versa
Relate threedimensional models to twodimensional representations, and vice versaExamples

Identify classes of two and threedimensional shapes by their geometric properties

Position and Orientation

Communicate and interpret locations and directions, using compass directions, distances, and grid references
Communicate and interpret locations and directions, using compass directions, distances, and grid referencesExamples

Communicate and interpret locations and directions, using compass directions, distances, and grid references

Transformation

Use the invariant properties of figures and objects under transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement)
Use the invariant properties of figures and objects under transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement)Examples

Use the invariant properties of figures and objects under transformations (reflection, rotation, translation, or enlargement)

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and data collection methods; gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category, measurement, and timeseries data to detect patterns, variations,
Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and data collection methods; gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category, measurement, and timeseries data to detect patterns, variations,Examples

Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and data collection methods; gathering, sorting, and displaying multivariate category, measurement, and timeseries data to detect patterns, variations,

Statistical Literacy

Evaluate statements made by others about the findings of statistical investigations and probability activities
Evaluate statements made by others about the findings of statistical investigations and probability activitiesExamples

Evaluate statements made by others about the findings of statistical investigations and probability activities

Probability

Investigate situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental distributions with expectations from models of the possible outcomes, acknowledging variation and independence
Investigate situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental distributions with expectations from models of the possible outcomes, acknowledging variation and independenceExamples

Use simple fractions and percentages to describe probabilities
Use simple fractions and percentages to describe probabilitiesExamples

Investigate situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental distributions with expectations from models of the possible outcomes, acknowledging variation and independence

Statistical Investigation

Numbers and Algebra

Level 5

Number and Algebra

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Reason with linear proportions
Reason with linear proportionsExamples

Use prime numbers, common factors and multiples, and powers (including square roots)
Use prime numbers, common factors and multiples, and powers (including square roots)Play Activities 140Examples

Understand operations on fractions, decimals, percentages, and integers
Understand operations on fractions, decimals, percentages, and integersPlay Activities 714Examples

Use rates and ratios
Use rates and ratiosPlay Activities 188Examples

Know commonly used fraction, decimal, and percentage conversions
Know commonly used fraction, decimal, and percentage conversionsExamples

Know and apply standard form, significant figures, rounding, and decimal place value
Know and apply standard form, significant figures, rounding, and decimal place valuePlay Activities 174Examples

Reason with linear proportions

Equations and Expressions

Form and solve linear and simple quadratic equations
Form and solve linear and simple quadratic equationsExamples

Form and solve linear and simple quadratic equations

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise the properties of operations with fractional numbers and integers
Generalise the properties of operations with fractional numbers and integersExamples

Relate tables, graphs, and equations to linear and simple quadratic relationships found in number and spatial patterns
Relate tables, graphs, and equations to linear and simple quadratic relationships found in number and spatial patternsExamples

Generalise the properties of operations with fractional numbers and integers

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Select and use appropriate metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time, with awareness that measurements are approximate
Select and use appropriate metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time, with awareness that measurements are approximateExamples

Convert between metric units, using decimals
Convert between metric units, using decimalsExamples

Deduce and use formulae to find the perimeters and areas of polygons and the volumes of prisms
Deduce and use formulae to find the perimeters and areas of polygons and the volumes of prismsExamples

Find the perimeters and areas of circles and composite shapes and the volumes of prisms, including cylinders
Find the perimeters and areas of circles and composite shapes and the volumes of prisms, including cylindersExamples

Select and use appropriate metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time, with awareness that measurements are approximate

Shape

Deduce the angle properties of intersecting and parallel lines and the angle properties of polygons and apply these properties
Deduce the angle properties of intersecting and parallel lines and the angle properties of polygons and apply these propertiesExamples

Create accurate nets for simple polyhedra and connect threedimensional solids with different twodimensional representations
Create accurate nets for simple polyhedra and connect threedimensional solids with different twodimensional representationsExamples

Deduce the angle properties of intersecting and parallel lines and the angle properties of polygons and apply these properties

Position and Orientation

Construct and describe simple loci
Construct and describe simple lociExamples

Interpret points and lines on coordinate planes, including scales and bearings on maps
Interpret points and lines on coordinate planes, including scales and bearings on mapsExamples

Construct and describe simple loci

Transformation

Define and use transformations and describe the invariant properties of figures and objects under these transformations
Define and use transformations and describe the invariant properties of figures and objects under these transformationsExamples

Apply trigonometric ratios and Pythagoras' theorem in two dimensions
Apply trigonometric ratios and Pythagoras' theorem in two dimensionsExamples

Define and use transformations and describe the invariant properties of figures and objects under these transformations

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Plan and conduct surveys and experiments using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and measures; considering sources of variation; gathering and cleaning data; using multiple displays, and recategorising data to find patterns
Plan and conduct surveys and experiments using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and measures; considering sources of variation; gathering and cleaning data; using multiple displays, and recategorising data to find patternsExamples

Plan and conduct surveys and experiments using the statistical enquiry cycle: determining appropriate variables and measures; considering sources of variation; gathering and cleaning data; using multiple displays, and recategorising data to find patterns

Statistical Literacy

Evaluate statistical investigations or probability activities undertaken by others, including data collection methods, choice of measures, and validity of findings
Evaluate statistical investigations or probability activities undertaken by others, including data collection methods, choice of measures, and validity of findingsExamples

Evaluate statistical investigations or probability activities undertaken by others, including data collection methods, choice of measures, and validity of findings

Probability

Calculate probabilities, using fractions, percentages, and ratios
Calculate probabilities, using fractions, percentages, and ratiosExamples

Calculate probabilities, using fractions, percentages, and ratios

Statistical Investigation

Number and Algebra

Level 6

Number and Algebra

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Apply direct and inverse relationships with linear proportions
Apply direct and inverse relationships with linear proportionsPlay Activities 188Examples

Extend powers to include integers and fractions
Extend powers to include integers and fractionsExamples

Find optimal solutions, using numerical approaches
Find optimal solutions, using numerical approachesExamples

Apply direct and inverse relationships with linear proportions

Equations and Expressions

Form and solve linear equations and inequations, quadratic and simple exponential equations, and simultaneous equations with two unknowns
Form and solve linear equations and inequations, quadratic and simple exponential equations, and simultaneous equations with two unknownsExamples

Form and solve linear equations and inequations, quadratic and simple exponential equations, and simultaneous equations with two unknowns

Patterns and Relationships

Generalise the properties of operations with rational numbers, including the properties of exponents
Generalise the properties of operations with rational numbers, including the properties of exponentsExamples

Relate graphs, tables, and equations to linear, quadratic, and simple exponential relationships found in number and spatial patterns
Relate graphs, tables, and equations to linear, quadratic, and simple exponential relationships found in number and spatial patternsExamples

Relate rate of change to the gradient of a graph
Relate rate of change to the gradient of a graphExamples

Generalise the properties of operations with rational numbers, including the properties of exponents

Number Strategies and Knowledge

Geometry and Measurement

Measurement

Calculate volumes, including prisms, pyramids, cones, and spheres, using formulae
Calculate volumes, including prisms, pyramids, cones, and spheres, using formulaeExamples

Calculate volumes, including prisms, pyramids, cones, and spheres, using formulae

Shape

Deduce and apply the angle properties related to circles
Deduce and apply the angle properties related to circlesExamples

Recognise when shapes are similar and use proportional reasoning to find an unknown length
Recognise when shapes are similar and use proportional reasoning to find an unknown lengthExamples

Use trigonometric ratios and Pythagoras' theorem in two and three dimensions
Use trigonometric ratios and Pythagoras' theorem in two and three dimensionsExamples

Deduce and apply the angle properties related to circles

Transformation

Compare and apply single and multiple transformations
Compare and apply single and multiple transformationsExamples

Analyse symmetrical patterns by the transformations used to create them
Analyse symmetrical patterns by the transformations used to create themExamples

Compare and apply single and multiple transformations

Measurement

Statistics

Statistical Investigation

Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: justifying the variables and measures used; managing sources of variation, including through the use of random sampling; identifying and communicating features in context (trends, relati
Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: justifying the variables and measures used; managing sources of variation, including through the use of random sampling; identifying and communicating features in context (trends, relatiExamples

Plan and conduct investigations using the statistical enquiry cycle: justifying the variables and measures used; managing sources of variation, including through the use of random sampling; identifying and communicating features in context (trends, relati

Statistical Investigation

Number and Algebra

Level 7

Mathematics

Patterns and Relationships

Apply coordinate geometry techniques to points and lines
Apply coordinate geometry techniques to points and linesExamples

Display the graphs of linear and nonlinear functions and connect the structure of the functions with their graphs
Display the graphs of linear and nonlinear functions and connect the structure of the functions with their graphsExamples

Apply coordinate geometry techniques to points and lines

Equations and Expressions

Manipulate rational, exponential, and logarithmic algebraic expressions
Manipulate rational, exponential, and logarithmic algebraic expressionsExamples

Manipulate rational, exponential, and logarithmic algebraic expressions

Patterns and Relationships

Mathematics

Level 1