Victorian Curriculum

English

Foundation Year

Language

Text structure and organisation

VCELA156
Understand that punctuation is a feature of written text different from letters; recognise how capital letters are used for names, and that capital letters and full stops signal the beginning and end of sentencesExamples

VCELA142
Understand concepts about print and screen, including how books, film and simple digital texts work, and know some features of print, for example directionalityExamples

VCELA156

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA143
Recognise that sentences are key units for expressing ideasPlay Activities 124Examples

VCELA144
Recognise that texts are made up of words and groups of words that make meaningExamples

VCELA167
Understand the use of vocabulary in familiar contexts related to everyday experiences, personal interests and topics taught at schoolExamples

VCELA157
Understand that spoken sounds and words can be written and know how to write some highfrequency words and other familiar words including their namePlay Activities 380Examples

VCELA158
Know how to use onset and rime to spell words where sounds map more directly onto lettersPlay Activities 143Examples

VCELA143

Sound and letter knowledge

VCELA168
Identify rhyming words, alliteration patterns, syllables and sounds (phonemes) in spoken wordsPlay Activities 155Examples

VCELA146
Recognise all upper and lowercase letters and the most common sound that each letter representsExamples

VCELA168

Text structure and organisation

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY153
Use comprehension strategies to understand and discuss texts listened to, viewed or read independentlyExamples

VCELY153

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 1

Language
 Text structure and organisation

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA179
Explore differences in words that represent people, places and things (nouns, including pronouns), happenings and states (verbs), qualities (adjectives) and details such as when, where and how (adverbs)Examples

VCELA202
Understand the use of vocabulary in everyday contexts as well as a growing number of school contexts, including appropriate use of formal and informal terms of address in different contextsExamples

VCELA182
Understand how to spell one and two syllable words with common letter patternsPlay Activities 539Examples

VCELA179

Sound and letter knowledge

VCELA204
Manipulate phonemes by addition, deletion and substitution of initial, medial and final phonemes to generate new wordsExamples

VCELA181
Recognise short vowels, common long vowels and consonant digraphs, and consonant blendsPlay Activities 145Examples

VCELA183
Understand that a letter can represent more than one sound, and that a syllable must contain a vowel soundExamples

VCELA204

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY186
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning about key events, ideas and information in texts that they listen to, view and read by drawing on growing knowledge of context, text structures and language featuresPlay Activities 113Examples

VCELY186

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 2

Language

Language for interaction

VCELA236
Identify language that can be used for appreciating texts and the qualities of people and thingsExamples

VCELA236

Text structure and organisation

VCELA212
Understand that different types of texts have identifiable text structures and language features that help the text serve its purposeExamples

VCELA224
Understand how texts are made cohesive through resources, for example word associations, synonyms, and antonyms�Examples

VCELA225
Recognise that capital letters signal proper nouns and commas are used to separate items in listsExamples

VCELA212

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA216
Understand that nouns represent people, places, things and ideas and can be, for example, common, proper, concrete or abstract, and that noun groups/phrases can be expanded using articles and adjectivesExamples

VCELA237
Understand the use of vocabulary about familiar and new topics and experiment with and begin to make conscious choices of vocabulary to suit audience and purposeExamples

VCELA226
Understand how to use digraphs, long vowels, blends and silent letters, and syllibication to spell simple words including compound wordsPlay Activities 421Examples

VCELA216

Sound and letter knowledge

VCELA218
Recognise most lettersound matches including silent letters, trigraphs, vowel digraphs and common long vowels, and understand that a sound can be represented by various letter combinationsPlay Activities 210Examples

VCELA218

Language for interaction

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY221
Read familiar and some unfamiliar texts with phrasing and fluency by combining phonic, semantic, contextual, and grammatical knowledge using text processing strategies, including monitoring meaning, predicting, rereading and selfcorrectingExamples

VCELY222
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning and begin to analyse texts by drawing on growing knowledge of context, language and visual features and print and multimodal text structuresPlay Activities 199Examples

VCELY221

Creating texts

VCELY231
Reread and edit text for spelling, sentenceboundary punctuation and text structureExamples

VCELY231

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 3

Language

Text structure and organisation

VCELA246
Understand how different types of texts vary in use of language choices, depending on their purpose and context, including tense and types of sentencesExamples

VCELA246

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA262
Understand that verbs represent different processes (doing, thinking, saying, and relating) and that these processes are anchored in time through tenseExamples

VCELA273
Learn extended and technical vocabulary and ways of expressing opinion including modal verbs and adverbsExamples

VCELA263
Understand how to use lettersound relationships and less common letter combinations to spell wordsPlay Activities 319Examples

VCELA250
Recognise most highfrequency words, know how to use common prefixes and suffixes, and know some homophones and generalisations for adding a suffix to a base wordPlay Activities 118Examples

VCELA262

Text structure and organisation

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT254
Discuss the nature and effects of some language devices used to enhance meaning and shape the reader's reaction, including rhythm and onomatopoeia in poetry and proseExamples

VCELT254

Creating literature

VCELT265
Create texts that adapt language features and patterns encountered in literary textsExamples

VCELT265

Examining literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY256
Read an increasing range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts by combining phonic, semantic, contextual and grammatical knowledge, using text processing strategies, including confirming, rereadin, and crosscheckingExamples

VCELY257
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning and begin to evaluate texts by drawing on a growing knowledge of context, text structures and language featuresPlay Activities 220Examples

VCELY256

Creating texts

VCELY267
Reread and edit texts for meaning, appropriate structure, grammatical choices and punctuationExamples

VCELY267

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 4

Language

Language variation and change

VCELA303
Understand that Standard Australian English is one of many social dialects used in Australia, and that while it originated in England it has been influenced by many other languagesExamples

VCELA303

Text structure and organisation

VCELA277
Identify features used in imaginative, informative and persuasive texts to meet the purpose of the text, and understand how texts vary in complexity and technicality depending on the approach to the topic, the purpose and the intended audienceExamples

VCELA290
Understand how texts are made cohesive through the use of linking devices including pronoun reference and text connectivesExamples

VCELA291
Recognise how quotation marks are used in texts to signal dialogue, titles and quoted (direct) speechExamples

VCELA277

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA292
Understand that the meaning of sentences can be enriched through the use of noun groups/phrases and verb groups/phrases and prepositional phrasesExamples

VCELA280
Understand how adverb groups/phrases and prepositional phrases work in different ways to provide circumstantial details about an activityExamples

VCELA293
Incorporate new vocabulary from a range of sources into students' own texts including vocabulary encountered in research, into own textsExamples

VCELA295
Understand how to use spelling patterns and generalisations including syllabification, letter combinations including double letters, and morphemic knowledge to build word familiesPlay Activities 139Examples

VCELA296
Recognise homophones and know how to use context to identify correct spellingExamples

VCELA292

Language variation and change

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT285
Understand, interpret and experiment with a range of devices and deliberate word play in poetry and other literary textsExamples

VCELT285

Examining literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY287
Read different types of texts for specific purposes by combining phonic, semantic, contextual and grammatical knowledge using text processing strategies, including monitoring meaning, skimming, scanning and reviewingExamples

VCELY288
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning to expand content knowledge, integrating and linking ideas and analysing and evaluating textsPlay Activities 220Examples

VCELY287

Creating texts

VCELY300
Reread and edit for meaning by adding, deleting or moving words or word groups to improve content and structureExamples

VCELY300

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 5

Language

Text structure and organisation

VCELA309
Understand how texts vary in purpose, structure and topic as well as the degree of formalityExamples

VCELA322
Understand how the grammatical category of possessives is signalled through apostrophes and how to use apostrophes with common and proper nounsExamples

VCELA310
Investigate how the organisation of texts into chapters, headings, subheadings, home pages and sub pages for online texts and according to chronology or topic can be used to predict content and assist navigationExamples

VCELA309

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA324
Understand how noun groups/phrases and adjective groups/phrases can be expanded in a variety of ways to provide a fuller description of the person, place, thing or ideaExamples

VCELA325
Understand the use of vocabulary to express greater precision of meaning, and know that words can have different meanings in different contextsExamples

VCELA312
Understand how to use banks of known words, syllabification, spelling patterns, word origins, base words, prefixes and suffixes, to spell new words, including some uncommon pluralsExamples

VCELA326
Recognise and write less familiar words that share common letter patterns but have different pronunciationsExamples

VCELA324

Text structure and organisation

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT316
Understand, interpret and experiment with sound devices and imagery, including simile, metaphor and personification, in narratives, shape poetry, songs, anthems and odesExamples

VCELT316

Examining literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY318
Navigate and read imaginative, informative and persuasive texts by interpreting structural features, including tables of content, glossaries, chapters, headings and subheadings and applying appropriate text processing strategies, including monitoring meaning, skimming and scanningExamples

VCELY319
Use comprehension strategies to analyse information, integrating and linking ideas from a variety of print and digital sourcesExamples

VCELY318

Creating texts

VCELY330
Reread and edit student's own and others' work using agreed criteria for text structures and language featuresExamples

VCELY330

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 6

Language
 Text structure and organisation

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA350
Investigate how complex sentences can be used in a variety of ways to elaborate, extend and explain ideasExamples

VCELA351
Understand how ideas can be expanded and sharpened through careful choice of verbs, elaborated tenses and a range of adverb groups/phrasesExamples

VCELA354
Understand how to use banks of known words, word origins, base words, prefixes, suffixes, spelling patterns and generalisations to spell new words, including technical words and words adopted from other languagesPlay Activities 112Examples

VCELA350

Literature

Responding to literature

VCELT342
Identify and explain how choices in language, for example modality, emphasis, repetition and metaphor, influence personal response to different textsExamples

VCELT342

Examining literature

VCELT344
Identify the relationship between words, sounds, imagery and language patterns in narratives and poetry such as ballads, limericks and free verseExamples

VCELT344

Responding to literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY346
Select, navigate and read texts for a range of purposes, applying appropriate text processing strategies to recall information and consolidate meaningExamples

VCELY347
Use comprehension strategies to interpret and analyse information and ideas, comparing content from a variety of textual sources including media and digital textsExamples

VCELY345
Analyse strategies authors use to influence readersExamples

VCELY346

Creating texts

VCELY359
Reread and edit students' own and others' work using agreed criteria and explaining editing choicesExamples

VCELY359

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 7

Language

Text structure and organisation

VCELA369
Understand and explain how the text structures and language features of texts become more complex in informative and persuasive texts and identify underlying structures such as taxonomies, cause and effect, and extended metaphorsExamples

VCELA380
Understand that the coherence of more complex texts relies on devices that signal text structure and guide readers, for example overviews, initial and concluding paragraphs and topic sentences, indexes or site maps or breadcrumb trails for online textsExamples

VCELA381
Understand the use of punctuation to support meaning in complex sentences with prepositional phrases and embedded clausesExamples

VCELA369

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA384
Understand how to use spelling rules and word origins to learn new words and how to spell themPlay Activities 102Examples

VCELA384

Text structure and organisation

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT375
Understand, interpret and discuss how language is compressed to produce a dramatic effect in film or drama, and to create layers of meaning in poetryExamples

VCELT375

Examining literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY379
Analyse and explain the ways text structures and language features shape meaning and vary according to audience and purposeExamples

VCELY377
Use prior knowledge and text processing strategies to interpret a range of types of textsExamples

VCELY378
Use comprehension strategies to interpret, analyse and synthesise ideas and information, critiquing ideas and issues from a variety of textual sourcesExamples

VCELY379

Creating texts

VCELY388
Edit for meaning by removing repetition, refining ideas, reordering sentences and adding or substituting words for impactExamples

VCELY388

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 8

Language

Language for interaction

VCELA397
Understand how rhetorical devices are used to persuade and how different layers of meaning are developed through the use of metaphor, irony and parodyExamples

VCELA397

Text structure and organisation

VCELA415
Understand the use of punctuation conventions, including colons, semicolons, dashes and brackets in formal and informal textsExamples

VCELA415

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA401
Recognise that vocabulary choices contribute to the specificity, abstraction and style of textsExamples

VCELA417
Understand how to apply learned knowledge consistently in order to spell accurately and to learn new words including nominalisationsPlay Activities 152Examples

VCELA401

Language for interaction

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT408
Identify and evaluate devices that create tone in literary texts, including humour, wordplay, innuendo and parodyExamples

VCELT409
Interpret and analyse language choices, including sentence patterns, dialogue, imagery and other language features, in short stories, literary essays and playsExamples

VCELT408

Examining literature

Literacy

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

VCELY411
Apply increasing knowledge of vocabulary, text structures and language features to understand the content of textsExamples

VCELY412
Use comprehension strategies to interpret and evaluate texts by reflecting on the validity of content and the credibility of sources, including finding evidence in the text for the author's point of viewExamples

VCELY411

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Language

Year 9

Language

Language variation and change

VCELA452
Understand that Standard Australian English is a living language within which the creation and loss of words and the evolution of usage is ongoingExamples

VCELA452

Text structure and organisation

VCELA429
Understand that authors innovate with text structures and language for specific purposes and effectsExamples

VCELA429

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA432
Identify how vocabulary choices contribute to specificity, abstraction and stylistic effectivenessExamples

VCELA432

Language variation and change

Literature

Examining literature

VCELT440
Interpret and analyse language choices, including sentence patterns, dialogue, imagery and other language features, in short stories, literary essays and playsExamples

VCELT440

Examining literature

Literacy
 Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Creating texts

VCELY450
Review and edit students' own and others' texts to improve clarity and control over content, organisation, paragraphing, sentence structure, vocabulary and audio/visual featuresPlay Activities 142Examples

VCELY450

Language

Year 10

Language

Language variation and change

VCELA482
Understand that Standard Australian English in its spoken and written forms has a history of evolution and change and continues to evolveExamples

VCELA482

Expressing and developing ideas

VCELA475
Understand how to use knowledge of the spelling system to spell unusual and technical words accuratelyPlay Activities 216Examples

VCELA475

Language variation and change

Literacy

Creating texts

VCELY480
Review, edit and refine students' own and others' texts for control of content, organisation, sentence structure, vocabulary, and/or visual features to achieve particular purposes and effectsExamples

VCELY480

Creating texts

Language

Foundation Year

Mathematics

Foundation Year

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA069
Establish understanding of the language and processes of counting by naming numbers in sequences, initially to and from 20, moving from any starting pointPlay Activities 185Examples

VCMNA070
Connect number names, numerals and quantities, including zero, initially up to 10 and then beyondPlay Activities 290Examples

VCMNA071
Subitise small collections of objectsExamples

VCMNA072
Compare, order and make correspondences between collections, initially to 20, and explain reasoningPlay Activities 102Examples

VCMNA073
Represent practical situations to model addition and sharingPlay Activities 149Examples

VCMNA069

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA076
Sort and classify familiar objects and explain the basis for these classifications, and copy, continue and create patterns with objects and drawingsExamples

VCMNA076

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG078
Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday languageExamples

VCMMG079
Compare and order the duration of events using the everyday language of timeExamples

VCMMG080
Connect days of the week to familiar events and actionsExamples

VCMMG078

Using units of measurement

Location and transformation

Location and transformation

VCMMG082
Describe position and movementExamples

VCMMG082

Location and transformation

Number and Algebra

Year 1

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA086
Develop confidence with number sequences to and from 100 by ones from any starting point. Skip count by twos, fives and tens starting from zeroPlay Activities 215Examples

VCMNA087
Recognise, model, read, write and order numbers to at least 100. Locate these numbers on a number linePlay Activities 295Examples

VCMNA088
Count collections to 100 by partitioning numbers using place valuePlay Activities 133Examples

VCMNA089
Represent and solve simple addition and subtraction problems using a range of strategies including counting on, partitioning and rearranging partsPlay Activities 757Examples

VCMNA086

Fractions and decimals

VCMNA091
Recognise and describe onehalf as one of two equal parts of a whole.Examples

VCMNA091

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA093
Investigate and describe number patterns formed by skip counting and patterns with objectsExamples

VCMNA093

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry
 Using units of measurement

Shape

VCMMG098
Recognise and classify familiar twodimensional shapes and threedimensional objects using obvious featuresExamples

VCMMG098

Location and transformation

VCMMG099
Give and follow directions to familiar locationsExamples

VCMMG099

Statistics and Probability

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP102
Represent data with objects and drawings where one object or drawing represents one data value. Describe the displaysExamples

VCMSP102

Data representation and interpretation

Number and Algebra

Year 2

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA103
Investigate number sequences, initially those increasing and decreasing by twos, threes, fives and ten from any starting point, then moving to other sequences.Examples

VCMNA104
Recognise, model, represent and order numbers to at least 1000Examples

VCMNA105
Group, partition and rearrange collections up to 1000 in hundreds, tens and ones to facilitate more efficient countingExamples

VCMNA106
Explore the connection between addition and subtractionPlay Activities 176Examples

VCMNA107
Solve simple addition and subtraction problems using a range of efficient mental and written strategiesPlay Activities 456Examples

VCMNA108
Recognise and represent multiplication as repeated addition, groups and arraysExamples

VCMNA109
Recognise and represent division as grouping into equal sets and solve simple problems using these representationsExamples

VCMNA103

Fractions and decimals

VCMNA110
Recognise and interpret common uses of halves, quarters and eighths of shapes and collectionsExamples

VCMNA110

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA111
Count and order small collections of Australian coins and notes according to their valueExamples

VCMNA111

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA112
Describe patterns with numbers and identify missing elementsExamples

VCMNA112

Number and place value
 Measurement and Geometry

Statistics and Probability

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP128
Create displays of data using lists, table and picture graphs and interpret themExamples

VCMSP128

Data representation and interpretation

Number and Algebra

Year 3

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA129
Investigate the conditions required for a number to be odd or even and identify odd and even numbersExamples

VCMNA130
Recognise, model, represent and order numbers to at least 10 000Examples

VCMNA131
Apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least 10 000 to assist calculations and solve problemsPlay Activities 117Examples

VCMNA132
Recognise and explain the connection between addition and subtractionPlay Activities 268Examples

VCMNA133
Recall addition facts for singledigit numbers and related subtraction facts to develop increasingly efficient mental strategies for computationPlay Activities 486Examples

VCMNA134
Recall multiplication facts of two, three, five and ten and related division factsPlay Activities 526Examples

VCMNA135
Represent and solve problems involving multiplication using efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologiesPlay Activities 224Examples

VCMNA129

Fractions and decimals

VCMNA136
Model and represent unit fractions including 1/2, 1/4, 1/3, 1/5 and their multiples to a complete wholeExamples

VCMNA136

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA137
Represent money values in multiple ways and count the change required for simple transactions to the nearest five centsExamples

VCMNA137

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA138
Describe, continue, and create number patterns resulting from performing addition or subtractionExamples

VCMNA138

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry
 Using units of measurement

Shape

VCMMG142
Make models of threedimensional objects and describe key featuresExamples

VCMMG142

Location and transformation

VCMMG143
Create and interpret simple grid maps to show position and pathwaysExamples

VCMMG143

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG146
Identify angles as measures of turn and compare angle sizes in everyday situationsExamples

VCMMG146
 Statistics and Probability

Number and Algebra

Year 4

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA152
Recognise, represent and order numbers to at least tens of thousandsExamples

VCMNA154
Investigate number sequences involving multiples of 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9Examples

VCMNA155
Recall multiplication facts up to 10 10 and related division factsPlay Activities 422Examples

VCMNA153
Apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least tens of thousands to assist calculations and solve problemsPlay Activities 151Examples

VCMNA156
Develop efficient mental and written strategies and use appropriate digital technologies for multiplication and for division where there is no remainderPlay Activities 384Examples

VCMNA152

Fractions and decimals

VCMNA157
Investigate equivalent fractions used in contextsExamples

VCMNA158
Count by quarters halves and thirds, including with mixed numerals. Locate and represent these fractions on a number lineExamples

VCMNA159
Recognise that the place value system can be extended to tenths and hundredths. Make connections between fractions and decimal notationExamples

VCMNA157

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA160
Solve problems involving purchases and the calculation of change to the nearest five cents with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA160

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA163
Use equivalent number sentences involving addition and subtraction to find unknown quantitiesPlay Activities 150Examples

VCMNA163

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG165
Use scaled instruments to measure and compare lengths, masses, capacities and temperaturesExamples

VCMMG166
Compare objects using familiar metric units of area and volumeExamples

VCMMG167
Convert between units of timeExamples

VCMMG168
Use am and pm notation and solve simple time problemsExamples

VCMMG165
 Shape
 Location and transformation

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG174
Compare angles and classify them as equal to, greater than or less than a right angleExamples

VCMMG174

Using units of measurement

Statistics and Probability

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP179
Construct suitable data displays, with and without the use of digital technologies, from given or collected data. Include tables, column graphs and picture graphs where one picture can represent many data valuesExamples

VCMSP179

Data representation and interpretation

Number and Algebra

Year 5

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA181
Identify and describe factors and multiples of whole numbers and use them to solve problemsExamples

VCMNA182
Use estimation and rounding to check the reasonableness of answers to calculationsPlay Activities 171Examples

VCMNA183
Solve problems involving multiplication of large numbers by one or twodigit numbers using efficient mental, written strategies and appropriate digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA184
Solve problems involving division by a one digit number, including those that result in a remainderPlay Activities 107Examples

VCMNA185
Use efficient mental and written strategies and apply appropriate digital technologies to solve problemsPlay Activities 646Examples

VCMNA181
 Fractions and decimals
 Patterns and algebra

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG195
Choose appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and massExamples

VCMMG196
Calculate the perimeter and area of rectangles and the volume and capacity of prisms using familiar metric unitsExamples

VCMMG197
Compare 12 and 24hour time systems and convert between themExamples

VCMMG195

Shape

VCMMG198
Connect threedimensional objects with their nets and other twodimensional representationsExamples

VCMMG198
 Location and transformation

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG202
Estimate, measure and compare angles using degrees. Construct angles using a protractorExamples

VCMMG202

Using units of measurement
 Statistics and Probability

Number and Algebra

Year 6

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA208
Identify and describe properties of prime, composite, square and triangular numbersExamples

VCMNA209
Select and apply efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies to solve problems involving all four operations with whole numbers and make estimates for these computationsPlay Activities 1151Examples

VCMNA208

Fractions and decimals

VCMNA211
Compare fractions with related denominators and locate and represent them on a number lineExamples

VCMNA212
Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions with the same or related denominatorsExamples

VCMNA213
Find a simple fraction of a quantity where the result is a whole number, with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA214
Add and subtract decimals, with and without digital technologies, and use estimation and rounding to check the reasonableness of answersPlay Activities 328Examples

VCMNA215
Multiply decimals by whole numbers and perform divisions by nonzero whole numbers where the results are terminating decimals, with and without digital technologiesPlay Activities 174Examples

VCMNA216
Multiply and divide decimals by powers of 10Examples

VCMNA217
Make connections between equivalent fractions, decimals and percentagesExamples

VCMNA211

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA218
Investigate and calculate percentage discounts of 10%, 25% and 50% on sale items, with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA218
 Patterns and algebra

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG222
Connect decimal representations to the metric systemPlay Activities 136Examples

VCMMG223
Convert between common metric units of length, mass and capacityPlay Activities 192Examples

VCMMG224
Solve problems involving the comparison of lengths and areas using appropriate unitsExamples

VCMMG225
Connect volume and capacity and their units of measurementExamples

VCMMG226
Interpret and use timetablesExamples

VCMMG222

Shape

VCMMG228
Construct simple prisms and pyramidsExamples

VCMMG228
 Location and transformation

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG231
Investigate, with and without digital technologies, angles on a straight line, angles at a point and vertically opposite angles. Use results to find unknown anglesExamples

VCMMG231

Using units of measurement
 Statistics and Probability

Number and Algebra

Year 7

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA238
Investigate index notation and represent whole numbers as products of powers of prime numbersExamples

VCMNA239
Investigate and use square roots of perfect square numbersExamples

VCMNA240
Apply the associative, commutative and distributive laws to aid mental and written computation and make estimates for these computationsPlay Activities 109Examples

VCMNA241
Compare, order, add and subtract integersExamples

VCMNA238

Real numbers

VCMNA242
Compare fractions using equivalence. Locate and represent positive and negative fractions and mixed numbers on a number lineExamples

VCMNA243
Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions, including those with unrelated denominatorsExamples

VCMNA244
Multiply and divide fractions and decimals using efficient written strategies and digital technologiesPlay Activities 148Examples

VCMNA245
Express one quantity as a fraction of another, with and without the use of digital technologiesPlay Activities 112Examples

VCMNA246
Round decimals to a specified number of decimal placesExamples

VCMNA247
Connect fractions, decimals and percentages and carry out simple conversionsPlay Activities 128Examples

VCMNA248
Find percentages of quantities and express one quantity as a percentage of another, with and without digital technologies.Examples

VCMNA249
Recognise and solve problems involving simple ratiosPlay Activities 160Examples

VCMNA242

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA250
Investigate and calculate 'best buys', with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA250

Patterns and algebra

VCMNA251
Introduce the concept of variables as a way of representing numbers using lettersExamples

VCMNA252
Create algebraic expressions and evaluate them by substituting a given value for each variableExamples

VCMNA253
Extend and apply the laws and properties of arithmetic to algebraic terms and expressionsExamples

VCMNA251
 Linear and nonlinear relationships

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry
 Using units of measurement

Shape

VCMMG260
Draw different views of prisms and solids formed from combinations of prismsExamples

VCMMG260

Location and transformation

VCMMG261
Describe translations, reflections in an axis, and rotations of multiples of 90 degrees on the Cartesian plane using coordinates. Identify line and rotational symmetriesExamples

VCMMG261

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG264
Identify corresponding, alternate and cointerior angles when two straight lines are crossed by a transversalExamples

VCMMG265
Investigate conditions for two lines to be parallel and solve simple numerical problems using reasoningExamples

VCMMG263
Demonstrate that the angle sum of a triangle is 180 degrees and use this to find the angle sum of a quadrilateralExamples

VCMMG262
Classify triangles according to their side and angle properties and describe quadrilateralsExamples

VCMMG264

Statistics and Probability
 Chance

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP269
Construct and compare a range of data displays including stemandleaf plots and dot plotsExamples

VCMSP270
Calculate mean, median, mode and range for sets of data. Interpret these statistics in the context of dataExamples

VCMSP271
Describe and interpret data displays using median, mean and rangeExamples

VCMSP269

Number and Algebra

Year 8

Number and Algebra

Number and place value

VCMNA272
Use index notation with numbers to establish the index laws with positive integral indices and the zero indexExamples

VCMNA273
Carry out the four operations with rational numbers and integers, using efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies and make estimates for these computationsPlay Activities 262Examples

VCMNA272

Real numbers

VCMNA275
Investigate the concept of irrational numbers, including piExamples

VCMNA276
Solve problems involving the use of percentages, including percentage increases and decreases, with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA277
Solve a range of problems involving rates and ratios, including distancetime problems for travel at a constant speed, with and without digital technologiesPlay Activities 113Examples

VCMNA275

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA278
Solve problems involving profit and loss, with and without digital technologiesExamples

VCMNA278
 Patterns and algebra
 Linear and nonlinear relationships

Number and place value

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG286
Choose appropriate units of measurement for area and volume and convert from one unit to anotherExamples

VCMMG287
Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kitesExamples

VCMMG288
Investigate the relationship between features of circles such as circumference, area, radius and diameter. Use formulas to solve problems involving determining radius, diameter, circumference and area from each otherExamples

VCMMG289
Develop the formulas for volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms and prisms in general. Use formulas to solve problems involving volumeExamples

VCMMG286
 Geometric reasoning

Using units of measurement

Statistics and Probability

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP300
Investigate the effect of individual data values , including outliers, on the range, mean and medianExamples

VCMSP300

Data representation and interpretation

Number and Algebra

Year 9

Number and Algebra
 Real numbers

Money and financial mathematics

VCMNA304
Solve problems involving simple interestExamples

VCMNA304
 Patterns and algebra

Linear and nonlinear relationships

VCMNA308
Find the distance between two points located on a Cartesian plane using a range of strategies, including graphing softwareExamples

VCMNA309
Find the midpoint and gradient of a line segment (interval) on the Cartesian plane using a range of strategies, including graphing softwareExamples

VCMNA310
Sketch linear graphs using the coordinates of two points and solve linear equationsExamples

VCMNA311
Graph simple nonlinear relations with and without the use of digital technologies and solve simple related equationsExamples

VCMNA308

Measurement and Geometry
 Using units of measurement

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG317
Solve problems using ratio and scale factors in similar figuresExamples

VCMMG317
 Pythagoras and trigonometry

Statistics and Probability

Chance

VCMSP321
List all outcomes for twostep chance experiments, both with and without replacement using tree diagrams or arrays. Assign probabilities to outcomes and determine probabilities for eventsExamples

VCMSP321

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP326
Compare data displays using mean, median and range to describe and interpret numerical data sets in terms of location (centre) and spreadExamples

VCMSP326

Chance

Number and Algebra

Year 10

Number and Algebra
 Patterns and algebra

Linear and nonlinear relationships

VCMNA335
Solve problems involving linear equations, including those derived from formulasExamples

VCMNA339
Explore the connection between algebraic and graphical representations of relations such as simple quadratic, reciprocal, circle and exponential, using digital technology as appropriateExamples

VCMNA340
Solve linear equations involving simple algebraic fractionsExamples

VCMNA335

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG343
Solve problems involving surface area and volume for a range of prisms, cylinders and composite solidsExamples

VCMMG343

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG344
Formulate proofs involving congruent triangles and angle propertiesExamples

VCMMG344

Using units of measurement
 Statistics and Probability

Number and Algebra

Year 10A

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement

VCMMG365
Solve problems involving surface area and volume of right pyramids, right cones, spheres and related composite solidsExamples

VCMMG365

Geometric reasoning

VCMMG366
Prove and apply angle and chord properties of circlesExamples

VCMMG366

Pythagoras and trigonometry

VCMMG367
Establish the sine, cosine and area rules for any triangle and solve related problemsExamples

VCMMG367

Using units of measurement

Statistics and Probability

Data representation and interpretation

VCMSP372
Calculate and interpret the mean and standard deviation of data and use these to compare data sets. Investigate the effect of individual data values including outliers, on the standard deviationExamples

VCMSP372

Data representation and interpretation

Measurement and Geometry

Foundation Year