Use concrete materials to model multiplication as equal 'groups' and by forming an array of equal 'rows' or equal 'columns'
|1.||Party time: 2 rows of people x 5 per row|
|2.||Party time: 3 rows of presents x 3 per row|
|3.||Circus Times: 1 row of lions x 5 per row|
|4.||Circus Times: 2 rows of dogs x 3 per row|
|5.||Counter Times: 4 groups of ?. There are 12 altogether.|
|6.||Counter Times: 4 groups of ?. There are 16 altogether.|