# Use concrete materials to model multiplication as equal 'groups' and by forming an array of equal 'rows' or equal 'columns'

1. | Party time: 2 rows of people x 5 per row | |

2. | Party time: 3 rows of presents x 3 per row | |

3. | Circus Times: 1 row of lions x 5 per row | |

4. | Circus Times: 2 rows of dogs x 3 per row | |

5. | Counter Times: 4 groups of ?. There are 12 altogether. | |

6. | Counter Times: 4 groups of ?. There are 16 altogether. |